This book contains a wide-ranging survey of musics of the world, in historical and social contexts, from ancient times to the present day. It starts by describing aspects of musical style and function in relation to the early developments of civilisations, as background to a study of later transformations. It then describes, in some detail, musical traditions of Africa and Asia, in relation to history/geography and to other aspects of culture. European music is subsequently treated similarly, and in relation to music-cultures elsewhere. A further section examines the consequences of Europe's appropriation of the Americas, and describes popular musical styles in both Latin America and the USA. The final section considers the nature of tradition and change, examines some African and Asian musical styles in their colonial and post-colonial contexts, and considers, in broad historical perspective, the effects of Westernisation. A concluding essay examines the consequences for the West of global Westernisation, and of increasing cultural interchange. The book includes a Foreword by Laurence Picken, an essay that presents a unique view of music and ethnomusicology by one of the most distinguished scientists and musicologists of our time. In part a compendium of information currently available, in part a dialectical examination of musical causation and function, this book aims to lead students, teachers, and those who practise Western music towards a deeper understanding of the various musical traditions that contribute to the modern, multi-cultural environment. The author's aim throughout has been to achieve clarity in the writing and to make the book accessible to those with no training in ethnomusicology.
The stylistic evolution of Mozart's Viennese instrumental repertory as a whole (1781-1791), closely tied to historical and contextual lines of enquiry, has yet to receive systematic attention. This book fills the gap through a study of stylistic re-invention, a practically- and empirically-based theory that explains how innovative, putatively inspired ideas take shape in Mozart's works and lead to stylistic re-formulation. Re-invention comprises a two-stage process: Mozart manipulates pre-existent stylistic features of his music to climactic effect, in so doing introducing a demonstrably 'new' stylistic dimension with broad aesthetic resonance; he subsequently re-appraises his style in response to the dimension in question. From close examination of a variety of Mozart's works (piano concertos, string quartets and symphonies in particular), supported by study of Mozart's other chamber and dramatic works, the author shows that stylistic re-invention is a consistent and coherent manifestation of stylistic development. Ultimately re-invention puts centre stage the interaction of intellectual and imaginative elements of Mozart's musical personality, accounting both for processes of reflection and re-appraisal and for striking conceptual leaps. SIMON P. KEEFE is James Rossiter Hoyle Chair of Music, University of Sheffield.
This 3rd edition of Learning to Teach Music in the Secondary School has been thoroughly revised to take account of the latest initiatives, research and scholarship in the field of music education, and the most recent changes to the curriculum. By focusing on overarching principles, it aims to develop reflective practitioners who will creatively and critically examine their own and others' ideas about music education, and the ways in which children learn music. Providing an overview of contemporary issues in music teaching and learning from a range of perspectives, the book focuses on teaching music musically, and enables the reader to: * place music education in its historical and social context * consider the nature of musical knowledge and how teachers can facilitate their students to learn musically * critically analyse the frameworks within which music teachers work * develop an understanding of composing, performing and responding to music, as well as key issues such as creativity, individual needs and assessment * examine aspects of music beyond the classroom and how effective links can be made between curriculum music and music outside of school. Including a range of case studies, tasks and reflections to help student teachers integrate the theory and practice of music education effectively, this new edition will provide invaluable support, guidance and challenges for teachers at all stages of their careers, as well as being a useful resource for teacher educators in a wide range of settings.